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Firefox 3.6.x Gets its First Security Update

SEVERITY: MEDIUM
24 March, 2010


SUMMARY:


EXPOSURE:


In late January, the Mozilla Foundation released a new branch of Firefox, version 3.6. This week, Mozilla released the first security update for Firefox 3.6, specifically version 3.6.2 (they did not release 3.6.1). This update fixes at least ten (count based on CVE number) vulnerabilities that affect the latest version of Firefox. Mozilla rates four of these vulnerabilities as critical, which they define as flaws that  attackers can leverage to execute code and install software; requiring no user interaction beyond normal browsing. We summarize the most critical Firefox 3.6.x vulnerabilities below:


 WOFF Integer Overflow Vulnerability (2010-08). Firefox 3.6 introduced support for Web Open Font Format (WOFF), a new downloadable font format that supports compression. Firefox's WOFF decoder suffers from an integer overflow vulnerability that can cause heap memory corruption, which  attackers can leverage to execute arbitrary code. By enticing one of your users to a maliciously crafted web page, an attacker can leverage this flaw to either crash Firefox, or to execute malicious code on that user's machine, with that user's privileges. If the user happened to be a local administrator or had root privileges, the attacker would gain total control of the victim's computer.

Mozilla Impact rating: Critical

 Three Memory Corruption Vulnerabilities (2010-11). This update also fixes three other memory corruption vulnerabilities, which can at least crash Firefox. Mozilla's alert doesn't say much about these vulnerabilities, other than they lie within Firefox's browser engine. Mozilla presumes that, with enough effort, attackers could exploit some of these memory corruption flaws to run arbitrary code on a victim's computer. To do so, an attacker would first have to trick one of your users into visiting a maliciously crafted web page. If your user took the bait, the attacker could execute malicious code on that user's machine, with that user's privileges. If the user happened to be a local administrator or had root privileges, the attacker would gain total control of the victim's computer.

 
Mozilla Impact rating: Critical

Mozilla's alert describes six more vulnerabilities, including Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) flaws, browser defacement flaws, and issues that could help a phisher in social engineering attacks. Visit Mozilla's Known Vulnerabilities page for a complete list of the vulnerabilities that Firefox 3.6.2 fixes.
As an aside, attackers cannot leverage many of these vulnerabilities without JavaScript. Disabling JavaScript by default is a good way to prevent many web-based vulnerabilities. If you use Firefox, we recommend you also install the NoScript extension, which will disable Javascript (and other active scripts) by default.


SOLUTION PATH:
Mozilla has released Firefox 3.6.2, correcting these security vulnerabilities. If you use Firefox in your network, we recommend that you download and deploy version 3.6.2 as soon as possible. Mozilla strongly recommends 3.0.x and 3.5.x users upgrade to 3.6.x, and so do we. If you are using an older version of Firefox, we recommend you move to 3.6.x, as it contains new security features, such as its ability to detect out-of-date and potentially insecure plug-ins and extensions.


Note: The latest version of Firefox 3.6.x automatically informs you when a Firefox update is available. We highly recommend you keep this feature enabled so that Firefox receives its updates as soon as Mozilla releases them. To verify that you have Firefox configured to automatically check for updates, click Tools => Options => Advanced tab => Update tab. Make sure that "Firefox" is checked under "Automatically check for updates." In this menu, you can configure Firefox to always download and install any update, or if you prefer, only to inform the user that an update exists.


FOR ALL USERS:
Many of these attacks arrive as normal-looking HTTP traffic, which you must allow through your firewall if your network users need to access the World Wide Web. Therefore, the patches above are your best solution.


STATUS:

The Mozilla Foundation has released Firefox 3.6.2, fixing these security issues.

REFERENCES:
 
Firefox 3.6.2 Release Notes
 
Vulnerabilities Fixed in Firefox 3.6.2

 These vulnerabilities affect: Firefox 3.6  for Windows, Linux, and Macintosh
 How an attacker exploits it: Multiple vectors of attack, including enticing one of your users to visit a malicious web page
 Impact: Various results; in the worst case, an attacker executes code on your user's computer, gaining complete control of it
 What to do: Upgrade to Firefox 3.6.2 








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